The course "Perspectives on Research through Art and Design Practices" introduces approaches, methodologies, issues and concerns in ‘research through practice’. Here, ‘research through practice’ refers to a broad continuum of artistic research approaches, practice-led and -based research approaches in the arts, and constructive design research approaches. Through readings and the 2017 Art of Research conference, the course introduces these through a series of specific examples of researchers and their research work from Aalto, other universities in Finland and elsewhere.The ‘Art of Research’ conference http://artofreserach2017.aalto.fi is a core and compulsory part of the course this year. Over the past two decades, the Art of Research conferences have contributed to the global development of a rapidly growing contemporary discourse, acknowledging and engaging in notions of research where diverse modes of creative practice are used as catalysts for enquiry.
The course includes three phases: (1) pre-assignment, (2) Art of Research conference on 29-30 November, and (3) reflective essay; See below under coursework.
Professor Ramia Mazé firstname.lastname@example.org and Professor Maarit Mäkelä
The 2017 version of the course is 4ECTS. Course description in WebOodi provides further information about learning outcomes and workload.
The course is open for PhD students and motivated MA students. Registration will be limited to 20 students - if the course is over-enrolled, priority will be given to enrolled doctoral students within Aalto ARTS and University of Lapland. Registration will be closed and students notified 1 week before course start.
Art of Research conference fee will be paid by the course, ie. the conference will be free for students registered in the course.
COURSEWORKLink to course description in WebOodi including attendance policy
Workload specification in Lecture slides from 9 Oct (NOTE: extra written assignment for Dept of Media PhD students)
Pre-assignment includes reading and writing a short statement positioning student’s work in relation to ‘research through practice’. Required readings are listed below, and student should select 1 extra reading from the optional readings relevant to their work. Course participants participate in scheduled reading groups to discuss together – details and sign-up here.
In a 500-word statement, student should briefly introduce their work that may be characterized as a 'research through practice', for example an artistic production, design experiment, etc. This should be discussed in relation to the readings, for example to select and elaborate what the student finds as the most relevant terms, concepts, or methods. The statement should contain 1 sentence or question that articulates their own learning goal for the Art of Research conference.
Maximum length is 500 words, images can be included. Readings should be cited and a reference list in a common academic format included (not toward the word count). E-mail to email@example.com on November, 20 by 17.00.
(2) ART OF RESEARCH CONFERENCE
A compulsory part of the course is attending the Art of Research 2017 conference on 29-30 November. An optional Research Catalog workshop will be held on 28 Nov with limited enrollment, led by Tero Heikkinen from University of Arts Helsinki who is co-editor of the RUUKKU journal. Course teachers will arrange an internal course discussion session for students during the conference days.
(3) REFLECTIVE ESSAY
After the conference, students write an essay combining their pre-assignment with their learnings from the conference. The short length of the essay requires the student to make a clear selection and prioritization of issues that are relevant to their work. We suggest a focus on just one or very few key terms, concepts or methods. The student should state the style of essay they write, for example a learning diary, a position paper, a case study or a literature review. We encourage students to write an essay that will serve beyond the course, for example in their ongoing doctoral studies, as part of their thesis, an exhibition catalog, for publication in RUUKKU or other. Students will receive comments on their essay from course peers and teachers.
Maximum length is 3000 words, images can be included. Readings and conference content should be cited and a reference list in a common academic format included (not toward the word count). E-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org on January, 15, 2018 by 17.00.
Supporting literature provides ‘research through practice’ examples and orientation to fundamental issues in the field. All readings will be provided in MyCourses as PDF - registered students in the course can find PDFs here.
REQUIRED READINGS FOR PHD STUDENTS
- Agger Eriksen, M., and Bang, A.L.
(2013) 'Experiments all the Way - Diagrams of dialectics between a design
research program and experiments,' in Proceedings of Nordic Design Research
- Frayling, C. (1994-4) ‘Research in
Art and Design,’ Royal College of Art Research Papers 1(1): 1-5.
- Halse, J., and Boffi, L. (2016)
‘Design Interventions as a Form of Inquiry,’ in Smith, Vangkilde, and Kjaersgaard
(eds), Design Anthropology Futures, 89-104. London: Bloomsbury.
- Ings, W. (2014) ‘Embodied Drawing: A
case study in narrative design’, Artifact 3 (2): 2.1-2:10.
- Jeffries, J. (2012) ‘Mangling
Practices’, in Art of Research II, 32-51. Helsinki: University of Art and Design
- Mäkelä, M. (2016) ‘Personal
exploration: Serendipity and intentionality as altering positions in a creative
process’, FORMakademisk 9 (1): 1-12.
- Mäkelä, M., and Routarinne, S.
(2006) ‘Connecting Different Practices’, in Art of Research I, 11-38. Helsinki:
University of Art and Design Helsinki.
- Mazé, R., and Redström, J. (2009) ‘Difficult
Forms: Critical practices of design and research’, Research Design Journal, 1
- Scrivener, S. (2009) ‘The Roles of
Art and Design Process and Object in Research,’ in Nimkulrat and O’Riley (eds),
Reflections and Connections, 69-80. Helsinki: University of Art and Design
- Nowotny, H. (2011) ‘Foreword,’ in
Biggs and Karlsson, (eds), Routledge Companion to Research in the Arts,
xvii-xxvi. Oxford: Routledge.
REQUIRED READINGS FOR MA STUDENTS
C. (1994-4) ‘Research in Art and Design,’ Royal College of Art Research Papers
- Mäkelä, M.
(2006) ‘Framing (a) Practice-Led Research Project’, in Art of Research I,
61-85. Helsinki: University of Art and Design Helsinki.
M., and Routarinne, S. (2006) ‘Connecting Different Practices’, in Art of
Research I, 11-38. Helsinki: University of Art and Design Helsinki.
- Mazé, R.,
and Redström, J. (2009) ‘Difficult Forms: Critical practices of design and
research’, Research Design Journal, 1 (1): 28-39.
- Sperryn-Jones, J. (2012) ‘Reflecting Visual Approaches in the Verbal’, in Art of Research II, 84-113. Helsinki: University of Art and Design Helsinki.
EXTRA (OPTIONAL) READINGS
E., Redström, J., Agger Eriksen, M., Binder, T. (2011) ‘Part 1,’ in XLAB. Copenhagen:
The Danish School Press, 3-53.
- Gaver, W. (2012)
‘What Should We Expect From Research Through Design?,’ in Proceedings of CHI Human Factors in Computing
Systems, 937-946. Austin.
P.G., Markussen, T., and Bang, A.L. (2015) ‘Ways of Drifting: 5 Methods of
experimentation in research through design,’ in Proceedings of ICoRD Research
into Design Across Boundaries, Bangalore.
T. & Matthews B. (2009) ‘Peeling Apples: Prototyping design experiments as
research,’ in Proceedings of the Nordic Design Research Conference, Oslo.
K. (2007) ‘Mapping the Meaning of Knowledge in Design Research,’ Design
Research Quarterly 2 (2): 5-13.
F., and Dunin-Woyseth, H. (2014) ‘Design Education, Practice and Research: On
building a field of inquiry,’ Studies in Material Thinking 11 (1): 3-17.
- Weijer, M.
van de, Cleempoel, K. van, and Heynen, H. (2014) ‘Positioning Research and
Design in Academia and Practice,’ Design Issues 30(2): 17-29.
M. (2007) ‘On Reciprocity and Being in the World,’ in Busch and Lesage (eds.) A
Portrait of the Artist as Researcher, 76-83. Antwerp: MUHKA.
- or a relevant
reading of your own choosing…
Not for the course but A SELECTION OF SOME INTRODUCTORY TEXTBOOKS
- Fraser, M. (2013) Design Research in
Architecture. London: Ashgate.
- Gray, C., and Malins, J. (2004) Visualizing
Research: A guide to the research process in art and design. London: Ashgate.
- Hannula, M., Suoranta, J., and Vadén, T. (2005). Artistic Research: Theories, methods,
practices. Helsinki: Academy of Fine Arts / Gothenburg: University of Gothenburg.
- Knowles, G., and Cole, A.J., (eds) (2008)
Handbook of the Arts in Qualitative Research: Perspectives, methodologies,
examples, and issue. Los Angeles : Sage.
- Koskinen, I., Zimmerman, J., Binder, T., Redström, J. and Wensveen, S. (2011) Design Research through Practice: From the lab, field and showroom. Waltham, MA: Morgan Kaufmann.