Please note! Course description is confirmed for two academic years, which means that in general, e.g. Learning outcomes, assessment methods and key content stays unchanged. However, via course syllabus, it is possible to specify or change the course execution in each realization of the course, such as how the contact sessions are organized, assessment methods weighted or materials used.


To understand the role of new energy technologies such as solar and wind power in future energy systems and in the energy transition. To understand how new energy technologies could be integrated in large-scale into existing energy systems. Restrictions and limitations of the power system. Variable renewable power characteristics. Energy system interfacing and integration. Energy storage. Planning of sustainable energy systems with high-share of renewable energy. Systemic energy innovations. Economics of high-share renewable energy systems.

Credits: 5

Schedule: 13.01.2021 - 13.04.2021

Teacher in charge (valid 01.08.2020-31.07.2022): Peter Lund

Teacher in charge (applies in this implementation): Juha Kiviluoma, Peter Lund

Contact information for the course (valid 09.12.2020-21.12.2112):

The responsible person for the lectrures is Prof. Peter Lund, peter.lund[at]

The head teaching assistant for the exercises is Mr. Jasiunas Justinas, justinas.jasiunas[at]

There will be 1-2 additional teaching assistants.

CEFR level (applies in this implementation):

Language of instruction and studies (valid 01.08.2020-31.07.2022):

Teaching language: English

Languages of study attainment: English


  • Valid 01.08.2020-31.07.2022:

    Prospects for new energy technologies in the future energy systems (market penetration, technology diffusion, technology learning); Short overview of the main principles of energy and power systems (energy chains, end use, supply-demand balance, grids, response); Characteristics of renewable power (resource variability; spatial and temporal variation; sizing and principles); 80-100% renewable energy systems (cases, computer modeling, planning of remaining power system); Energy flexibility options: Demand side management (DSM), Vehicle to Grid (V2G), Power-to-Thermal (P2T), Power-to-Gas (P2G), Smart Grid (SG) strategies, other balancing technologies; Energy storage technologies (physical principles, characteristics, models, applications).

Assessment Methods and Criteria
  • Valid 01.08.2020-31.07.2022:

    Final exam or project work and home assignments. Passing of course in spring: 80 % of the maximum points of home exercises + project work accepted (in this case the course grade will be the same as the project work grade, each student will be appraised for equal workload in the team work); or by exam in spring (home exercises can give up to 6 extra points in the spring exam); later by exam only; Grades 0 (rejected) to 5 (excellent). The project work is done in a team of 3-4 persons; the team delivers a report (10-20 pages).

  • Applies in this implementation:

    Due to the Covid-19, the size of the groups for the project works is flexible. It can be done in 1-2 (3) person groups; the length of the project report is scaled to the number of participants: typically, 1 person 8-10 pages, 2 persons 15-18p, 3 persons 20-25 p, but not bound to these as the PW will be given a mark (0-5). The PW can be written in Finnish, Swedish, English or German.

  • Valid 01.08.2020-31.07.2022:

    Lectures 24 hours (2 hours per week); exercises 24 hours; project work or preparations for the exam and independent home work (assignments) and reading total 84 hours

  • Applies in this implementation:

    The nominal total working load would be 132 hours.


Study Material
  • Valid 01.08.2020-31.07.2022:

    Course material will be available through MyCourses system. For each lecture (2 hours/lecture), overheads and background material will be available incl. home reading before each lecture (1 hour/lecture). 1-2 key questions will follow each lecture for general discussion (15 min/lecture). The course is given in *ENGLISH*; written contributions required can be either in English or in native Finnish/Swedish.

  • Applies in this implementation:

    Material will be uploaded to MyCourses.

  • Valid 01.08.2020-31.07.2022:

    Basic skills typically acquired after 3-4 years of studies and basic understanding of energy systems. PHYS-C6370 Fundamentals of New Energy Sources or equivalent recommended, but not compulsory.

Registration for Courses
  • Valid 01.08.2020-31.07.2022:

    Registration via WebOodi.

  • Applies in this implementation:

    The course will be given remotely through Zoom. Lectures will be recorded.

SDG: Sustainable Development Goals

    7 Affordable and Clean Energy

    9 Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

    11 Sustainable Cities and Communities

    13 Climate Action


Further Information
  • Valid 01.08.2020-31.07.2022:

    Lectures: Professor Peter Lund, Dr. Juha Kiviluoma, VTT 
    Exercises: 2 graduate students

  • Applies in this implementation:

    The course will be given remotely through Zoom. Lectures will be recorded.

Details on the schedule
  • Applies in this implementation:

    The first lecture is on Jan 13 (2.15-4 pm)