Please note! Course description is confirmed for two academic years, which means that in general, e.g. Learning outcomes, assessment methods and key content stays unchanged. However, via course syllabus, it is possible to specify or change the course execution in each realization of the course, such as how the contact sessions are organized, assessment methods weighted or materials used.


After the course the student (ILO’s):

  • Can describe different ice conditions and their effect on ship operations
  • Understands the influence of the ship-ice interaction process and hull shape on the ice resistance
  • Can estimate ship performance in different ice conditions
  • Understands how ice-induced loads on the ship hull can be defined
  • Understands ice-class rules and their impact on the ship design

Credits: 5

Schedule: 11.01.2023 - 05.04.2023

Teacher in charge (valid for whole curriculum period):

Teacher in charge (applies in this implementation): Heikki Remes, Mikko Suominen

Contact information for the course (applies in this implementation):

CEFR level (valid for whole curriculum period):

Language of instruction and studies (applies in this implementation):

Teaching language: English. Languages of study attainment: English


  • valid for whole curriculum period:

    Different ice conditions, mechanical properties of ice, ship resistance and performance in various ice conditions, propulsion in ice, power requirements, ice induced loads on a ship hull, ice strengthening principles for a ship hull and ice class rules. As a part of the course assignment, the students shall (if the situation allows) get onboard an icebreaker to make observations from icebreaker and fleet operations.

Assessment Methods and Criteria
  • valid for whole curriculum period:

    The final grade will consist of 50% from the exam and 50% from the course assignment. In order to pass the course, the exam and the assignment needs to be passed separately. In order to pass these, a minimum of 50% from the maximum points needs to be obtained.

  • valid for whole curriculum period:

    • Lectures: 2 h/week, total 12 h
    • Self learning material (videos and reading) 2 h/week, total 18 h
    • Assignment (done in groups)
      • Exercise sessions (small group guidance) 1 h/week, total 12 h
      • Independent working, total 36 h
      • Icebreaker excursion (work towards the assignment), total 10 h
      • Final analysis and reporting, total 20 h
    • Preparing for the exam: 24 hours


Substitutes for Courses
SDG: Sustainable Development Goals

    13 Climate Action

    14 Life Below Water


Further Information
  • valid for whole curriculum period:

    Teaching Language : English

    Teaching Period : 2022-2023 Spring III - IV
    2023-2024 Spring III - IV

    Enrollment :

    Registration for the course will take place on Sisu (