Please note! Course description is confirmed for two academic years, which means that in general, e.g. Learning outcomes, assessment methods and key content stays unchanged. However, via course syllabus, it is possible to specify or change the course execution in each realization of the course, such as how the contact sessions are organized, assessment methods weighted or materials used.


After the course the student will understand the basic aspects of:
1. Mechanics related to ice induced loads in different loading scenarios: loads due to intact sea ice, loads due to ice ridges and ice rubble, ice breaking process and ice-induced vibration.
2. Analytical and statistical models, and standards related to ice loads on off-shore structures and in ice breaking process.
3. Basics of numerical modeling of ice loads on off-shore structures and in ice-breaking process.
4. Full- and model-scale experimentation on ice induced loads.

Credits: 5

Schedule: 27.02.2024 - 15.04.2024

Teacher in charge (valid for whole curriculum period):

Teacher in charge (applies in this implementation): Arttu Polojärvi

Contact information for the course (applies in this implementation):

CEFR level (valid for whole curriculum period):

Language of instruction and studies (applies in this implementation):

Teaching language: English. Languages of study attainment: English


  • valid for whole curriculum period:

    This is a course on ice loads on structures and on ice breaking ships. The students are assumed to have prior knowledge on ice mechanics and basic knowledge on solid mechanics.
    The course concentrates on sea ice loads and provides knowledge necessary for understanding ice loads on off-shore structures.
    The course is aimed for master's level students in mechanical and civil engineering, but all other students as welcome as well.



Assessment Methods and Criteria
  • valid for whole curriculum period:

    The exam, the exercises, and a potential project work are assessed.

  • valid for whole curriculum period:

    Lectures 24h, excercises 18h, independent work 95h


Study Material
  • valid for whole curriculum period:

    Lecture notes, parts of the books: On Sea Ice (Weeks, W.F. 2010. University of Alaska Press) and Arctic Offshore Engineering (Palmer, A., Croasdale, K. 2012, World Scientific), scientific journal and conference articles, and other material discussed and handed out during the course

Substitutes for Courses
SDG: Sustainable Development Goals

    7 Affordable and Clean Energy

    9 Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

    14 Life Below Water


Further Information
  • valid for whole curriculum period:

    Teaching Language : English

    Teaching Period : 2022-2023 Spring IV
    2023-2024 Spring IV

    Enrollment :

    Registration for the course will take place on Sisu (