Please note! Course description is confirmed for two academic years, which means that in general, e.g. Learning outcomes, assessment methods and key content stays unchanged. However, via course syllabus, it is possible to specify or change the course execution in each realization of the course, such as how the contact sessions are organized, assessment methods weighted or materials used.


Upon completion of the course, student will be able to:

  • understand the relevance of metals in industrially advanced and developing societies and the role of metallurgical engineering in responsible production​
  • describe the unit operations and processes of metals production​
  • apply general thermodynamics and kinetics principles affecting the metals production processes ​
  • recognize the effect of chemical phase equilibria  on processes and product properties​
  • Identify means to assess the environmental impacts of metals production​

Credits: 5

Schedule: 04.09.2024 - 17.10.2024

Teacher in charge (valid for whole curriculum period):

Teacher in charge (applies in this implementation): Anna Klemettinen, Michael Gasik

Contact information for the course (applies in this implementation):

CEFR level (valid for whole curriculum period):

Language of instruction and studies (applies in this implementation):

Teaching language: English. Languages of study attainment: English


  • valid for whole curriculum period:

    The course content prepares students from SME major for fundamental courses and gives an overview on metallurgical principles for students from other major​, addressing in particular:

    • Introduction to metallurgical processes
    • Thermodynamics as a driving force in metallurgical processes​
    • Mass and energy balances from the context of metallurgical processes e.g. recirculation of water in the system, energy balance in high-temperature reactors​. The use of transport phenomena
    • Introduction to unit operations and processes in minerals engineering, hydrometallurgy and pyrometallurgy​
    • ​Metallurgical accounting (e.g. uncertainty analysis)​
    • Sustainability in context of metallurgical engineering​

    Lectures 2 weekly (combination of traditional slides lectures and examples of calculations, with short explanation on how to start homework)​

Assessment Methods and Criteria
  • valid for whole curriculum period:

    Passing the exam and online quizzes

  • valid for whole curriculum period:

    • Online quizzes​
    • Calculation homework​
    • Online exam based on calculations


Study Material
  • valid for whole curriculum period:

    Course Books:​

    • P. Hayes – Process Principles in Minerals and Materials Production 4th edition​
    • SME Handbook ​
    • H. Jalkainen, M. Gasik - Theory of Ferroalloys Processing, In: Handbook of Ferroalloys. Butterworth-Heinemann, 2013, p. 29-81.

Substitutes for Courses
SDG: Sustainable Development Goals

    7 Affordable and Clean Energy

    9 Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

    12 Responsible Production and Consumption


Further Information
  • valid for whole curriculum period:

    Teaching Language: English

    Teaching Period: 2024-2025 Autumn I
    2025-2026 Autumn I


    Students for this course have to have background equivalent to completed 3rd year Bachelor course "Metallurgian prosessit" (metallurgical processes).

    This background covers basics in the unit operations and processes of materials production​, the most important phenomena affecting the materials production processes and the laws affecting their rates​, basic simulation techniques in typical materials technology manufacturing/production processes in equilibrium​, the effect of chemical phase equilibria on processes and product properties.

    Thsi course comprises a large group of students (60-80 and more is possible).