9. Citation methods

Image: Citation practices. Learning Centre, Visual Resources Centre (CC-BY)


References of image and media resources to be added into a bibliography consist of the following basic information in the APA citation style:

Author, A. (Date). Title of work or image [Format]. Availability

Image from a book:

Munch, E. (1893). The Scream [painting]. In Hodin, J.P., Edvard Munch (p. 53). London: Thames & Hudson, 1972     

Image from a database:

Munch, E. (1893). The Scream [painting]. Retrieved 15.2.2017 from https://www.europeana.eu/portal/en/record/2063612/NO_280_002.html

Short citation for a CC-licensed image: 
TASL = Title, Author, Source, License is a memory aid for presenting the information in correct order, hyperlinks can be also added.

The Scream by Edvard Munch (CC-BY-NC 4.0)

More information on citation methods in the visual resources guide.