Please note! Course description is confirmed for two academic years, which means that in general, e.g. Learning outcomes, assessment methods and key content stays unchanged. However, via course syllabus, it is possible to specify or change the course execution in each realization of the course, such as how the contact sessions are organized, assessment methods weighted or materials used.


After this course student is familiar with different asphalt mixture types, raw materials, production methods and mechanical performance of mixtures. Student can select appropriate mixture type and raw materials based on performance requirements. Student can describe how material properties affect pavement performance: durability and deterioration. Student is familiar with asphalt construction techniques and he/she knows the basic principles of production quality control and quality assurance. Student can perform volumetric mix design.    

Credits: 5

Schedule: 08.01.2019 - 22.02.2019

Teacher in charge (valid 01.08.2020-31.07.2022): Michalina Makowska, Wojciech Solowski

Teacher in charge (applies in this implementation): Michalina Makowska, Terhi Pellinen

Contact information for the course (valid 08.12.2018-21.12.2112):


Lecturer: Michalina Makowska,
post-doctoral researcher,

Teacher in charge: prof. Jussi


Laboratoriomestari Heli Nikiforow,

Laboratoriomestari Petri Peltonen,

Consulting hour:

To be agreed with students
on the first lecture
. Students can
come and ask questions related to the course within that time. Meeting place is
room 318 in Rakentajanaukio 4a

CEFR level (applies in this implementation):

Language of instruction and studies (valid 01.08.2020-31.07.2022):

Teaching language: English

Languages of study attainment: English


  • Valid 01.08.2020-31.07.2022:

    Consideration of major types of bituminous materials - bitumen, cutback and fluxed bitumen and emulsions and different mixture types. Influence of chemical composition upon physical properties. Desirable aggregate characteristics for bituminous mixtures. Construction techniques including hot and warm mixing. Current practices for determining optimum asphalt content. Recycling and reuse of bituminous materials. Forensic evaluation of failed pavements.

  • Applies in this implementation:

    Learning outcomes:

    After the course the
    students knows:

    1. What is bitumen and how
    is it tested and classified

    2. How the aggregates are

    3. How to calculate
    volumetric relationships in the asphalt mix

    4. Which additives are used
    in the asphalt concrete and what is their purpose

    5. How to classify
    different asphalt mixes and to say what is the difference between them

    6. How to choose asphalt
    mix for the application and what quality criterion should be required

    7. How to design an asphalt
    mix (with use of Finnish Asphalt Specifications)

    8. What kind of quality
    assurance criterion should be defined for an asphalt mix

    9. Basic quality control

    10. The basic equipment
    used on the construction site

    11. What mechanical models
    are and how to use Maxwell’s and Kelvin’s model to predict material behavior

    How to calculate bitumens viscosity from given parameters

Assessment Methods and Criteria
  • Valid 01.08.2020-31.07.2022:

    Lectures, compulsory exercises (including laboratory and short report), design exercise. Exam.

  • Applies in this implementation:


    Presence during exercises is
    mandatory. If the student cannot attend the session, then student may attend
    the consulting hour (or in case of emergency otherwise agree with
    teacher in charge to get an additional assignment).  


    Homeworks 2-5 must be
    submitted by a student before review and feedback session (latest 13.2.).
    Laboratory exercise involves processing of the data from one experiment, and
    each student needs to submit test report separately before exam (latest 21.2). Grade
    from exercises and laboratory report comprises 20% of the final grade.


    Final exam is 80% of the course
    grade covering textbook, lecture materials and calculation exercises. Exam
    tests the knowledge from lectures, exercises and laboratory visit.

    Final Exam:                                     

    Fri 22.2.2017 at 9 - 12, Rakentajanaukio
    4a, R5 

    Final exam is open book +
    calculator (textbook and Asfalttinormit 2011/FAS 2000 are allowed in exam)

  • Valid 01.08.2020-31.07.2022:

    5 credits, 134h total
    lectures 24 (2x2h/week)
    class groupwork 12 (1x2h/week)
    indepedent homework 40
    study groups:  reading and homework (40h)

    Preparation to final exam (18h)


  • Applies in this implementation:

    Course workload for the students and ECTS:

    activity :

    Time, h








    Reading text
    book and other given material



    Preparation to
    final exam







Study Material
  • Valid 01.08.2020-31.07.2022:

    Doré & Zubeck: Cold Regions Pavement Engineering. Chapter 4 and 7


    Material covered during the lectures can be also found and is explained in detail in:

    "The Shell Bitumen Handbook", 6th Edition, Hunter, Self and Read, Shell Bitumen, London, 2015

    Chapters: 1,2,4,5,6,7,8,10,12,14,15,16,17,18,20,23


    Additional material will be given in lectures and includes:

    -"Analysis of climatic zones in Poland with regard to asphalt performance grading", Pszczola, Rys, Jaskula, Roads and Bridges, 16, 2017, pp 245-269

    -"The multiple stress creep recovery (MSCR) procedure", Bukowski, Youtcheff and Harman, Tech Brief,  FHWA-HIF-11-038, April 2011


    Laboratory exercises require reading of the AASHTO and CEN standard of MSCR procedure, and a comparative analysis of those.


    During the exercises we will be using Asfalttinormit 2017, which are in Finnish. English speaking users will be provided an English version of the book, which is unfortunately partially outdated (2000). The material is based on CEN norms and harmonized standards. English speaking users will be advised how to proceed with those documents. 

  • Applies in this implementation:

    Text book:

    Guy Doré & Hannele
    Zubeck: Cold Regions Pavement Engineering, ASCE Press, 2009 (book will be given
    for loan for the duration of the course).


    Asfalttinormit 2011,
    Päällystealan neuvottelukunta r.y.,

    (The newer version 2017 can
    be used but is not provided by the school.)


    Finnish Asphalt
    Specifications, 2000, PANK ry (for English speaking students, available as pdf
    from teacher)


    Additional reference material:


    Material given in MyCourse




    Lectures will be posted to MyCourse



    Homework problems; submittal
    to MyCourse. 


    Student must have a
    scientific calculator and be able to use it according to the instruction
    provided by the manufacturer of said calculator. Calculations performed on
    the exam are performed on calculator not on the computer


    For homeworks computers with
    excel/word are useful, but exercises are organized in Maari-E computer
    classroom where students have a computer access provided.

Substitutes for Courses
  • Valid 01.08.2020-31.07.2022:

    Yhd 10.2106 Tiepäällysteet

  • Valid 01.08.2020-31.07.2022:

    Basic knowledge in Civil Engineering Construction Materials and Road Pavement Design or equivalent: CIV-E1010 Bulding Materials Technology, GEO-E1030 Structural Design of Roads

SDG: Sustainable Development Goals

    9 Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

    11 Sustainable Cities and Communities

    12 Responsible Production and Consumption


Details on the schedule
  • Applies in this implementation:


    TuesdayLecturesDateThursday ExcercisesHWDateFriday LecturesHWHW DLDate
    of pavement construction, pavement types, performance
    1,2,38.1Algebra, plotting, matrixes,
    scientific calculator use, hands-on viscosity
    warm-up, 2ab10.1Bituminous
    products, visocity and complex modulus
    4, 5a2ab 11.1
    of bituminus products
    5b15.1.Homework 2abc2abc17.1Viscoelasticity 62bc2a18.1
    Aggregates7ab22.1.Homework 3324.1.Fines and fillers, addtitives8, 932bc25.1
    Mix design methods, volumetric relationships10,1129.1.Homework 4431.1.Volumetric
    relationships, performance testing
    Construction135.2.Homework 557.2.Asphalt lab tour, rheology lab
    control and requirements
    14,1512.2review of mistakes before
    exam/asphalt specifications
    1,2,3,4,514.2Review of study materias  515.2
          Exam  122.2