Basics of dyeing
Dyeing is not allowed (and cannot be done) without learning the basics of dyeing, its methods and recipes. On the following pages, you will find instructions for dyeing by hand and by machine, as well as the recipe for Dylon direct dyes. You will learn how to work safely in the Occupational Safety section.
- Read the facility-specific occupational safety instructions and remember to protect yourself appropriately.
- Select the method and materials in accordance with your project.
- If you are unsure about the use of a specific chemical, contact the workshop master.
3. Dyeing with direct dyes
3.2. Dyeing in a pot
This method is good for creating very precise shades, ombré or gradient fades, and other effects on small amounts of fabric.
- Weigh the dry fabric.
- Wash / rinse the fabric; new fabrics may contain finishes.
- Add warm tap water in the pot. The more space the material has in the pot, the more even the result will be.
- Dissolve the dye in 0.5l of boiling water.
- Dissolve the salt in the water in the pot.
- Place the wet and unfolded fabric in the pot.
- Bring the dye bath back to a boil, stirring regularly for 20min or until you have achieved the desired shade.
- Rinse with cold water until water runs clear.
- Wash the item in a washing machine.
- Steps 1–5 as above.
- Bring the dye bath slowly close to a boil and turn off the heat. Stir the dye bath for at least 10min.
- Leave the material in the dye bath (full shade) or remove it and let it cool down.
- Rinse with lukewarm water until water runs clear.
- The finishing wash is not entirely necessary. If you use a washing machine, remember to use the programme for wool, and detergent for wool/silk.