Topic outline


    • Themes: Platforms as ecosystem-level business models. Platforms, panaceas, and critical thinking. Developing existing platforms and building new ones
    • Learning objectives: Identifying the core concepts of platforms as ecosystem-level business models; Identifying and comparing different approaches to platform economy; Identifying and applying ecosystem business model design tools


    MONDAY 28.3


    • Cusumano, Michael A; Yoffie, David B; Gawer, Annabelle. The Future of Platforms. MIT Sloan Management Review; Cambridge Vol. 61, Iss. 3, (Spring 2020): 46-54.
    • Van Alstyne, M. W., Parker, G. G., & Choudary, S. P. (2016). Pipelines, platforms, and the new rules of strategy. Harvard business review, 94(4), 54-62.
    • if you can't access the HBR articles, here is direct link (only for use in this course):

    Notes: These two  articles give you not only a nice synthesis on the main concepts related to platform business models, but also an excellent picture on how platform thinking has evolved during the last 4-5 years.

    Monday materials
    • Slides
    • Thursday workshop cases and groups 
    • Recording Link:


    THURSDAY 31.3


    • Auvinen, H., Dufva, M., & Koivisto, R. (2018). Metaphors to describe and explore platform company strategies. Available at:

    Notes: We will be running a platform design workshop on Thursday, and this paper gives an interesting twist to that exercise! Heidi, Mikko and Raija are Ville's colleagues from VTT, and they have used Futures thinking methods to analyze weak signals from platform domain since 2011. One of the results is this cool application of organizational metaphors (from Morgan) to platform design. The metaphors give us a both critical and futures-oriented thinking frame, especially with regards to platforms' purposes in the business and society.

    Workshop instruction videos:

    Thursday materials and recordings
    • Thursday Miro-board: